PDF (Español (España))
HTML (Español (España))


Spiritual Social Responsibility
Spiritual Leadership
Associativity, Philanthropy

How to Cite

Carvajal-Larenas, P., Reyes-Bedoya, D., Saltos-Cruz, C., & Pérez-Proaño, F. (2020). SPIRITUAL SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY, AS A DETERMINING FACTOR OF THE ASSOCIATIVITY. Universidad Ciencia Y Tecnología, 24(98), 63-70. Retrieved from https://uctunexpo.autanabooks.com/index.php/uct/article/view/284


Social Spiritual Responsibility (CSR) arises from the pyramid of Social Responsibility [1]. This pyramid has philanthropic social responsibility on its cusp. CSR is related to the intrinsic part of being, which urges activities for the common good. In contrast to spirituality, it generates a work environment beneficial to the organization. The objective of this research is to establish a theoretical model applied to the business reality of Ecuador, based on business associativity. The theoretical methods used to make the categorical system were: historical-logical, inductive-deductive, analytical-synthetic. The empirical methods for data collection and operation were: information collection (through a structured questionnaire and the application of telephone surveys), and construct validity analysis (reliability analysis and exploratory factor analysis). The instrument was applied to a sample of 268 organizations, randomly selected without replacement. The results show a high coincidence between the categorical system and the behavior of the measures taken to officials of the organizations. The conclusions of reliability and validity are stated in indicators, namely: Cronbach's alpha = 0.905; KMO = 0.882; Bartlett's Chi-square = 5640,338; Gl = 465; statistical significance = 0.000 and a total variance explained to 62.33%.

Keywords: Spiritual Social Responsibility, Spiritual Leadership, Associativity, Philanthropy.

[1]A. Carroll, «The Pyramid of Corporate Social Responsibiiity: Toward the Moral Management of Organizational Stakeholders,» Business Horizons, pp. 39-48, July-August 1991.

[2]J. A. Ramos and I. Periáñez, «Delimitación del Marketing con Causa o Marketing Social Corporativo mediante el análisis de empresas que realizan acciones de responsabilidad social,» Cuadernos de Gestión, vol. 3, nº 1, pp. 65-82, Junio 2003.

[3]J. G. Correa, «Evolución historica de los conceptos de responsabilidad social,» Semestre Economico- Universidad de Medellin, vol. 10, nº 20, pp. 87-102, Diciembre 2007.

[4]P. Purzan, «Spirituality as the Context for Leadership,» Springer, vol. 19, pp. 3-21, 2011.

[5]L. ZSOLNAI, «Emprendedorismo guiado por la espiritualidad,» Revista Cultura Económica, nº 88, pp. 35-46, Diciembre 2014.

[6]L. Bada, L. Rivas and H. Littlewood, «Modelo de asociatividad en la cadena productiva en las Mipymes agroindustriales,» Contaduría y administración, nº 62, p. 1100–1117, 2017.

[7]D. Ashmos and D. Duchon, «Spirituality at Work,» Journal of management inquiry, vol. 9, nº 2, pp. 134-143, June 2000.

[8]R. Arias and V. Lemos, «Una aproximacion teorica y empírica al constructo de inteligencia espiritual,» Enfoques, vol. 27, nº 1, pp. 79-102, 2015.

[9]M. Porter and M. Kramer, «Estrategia y sociedad el vínculo entre ventaja competitiva y responsabilidad social corporativa,» Harvard Business Review , vol. 84, nº 12, pp. 42-56, Diciembre 2006.

[10]P. Kotler and G. Zaltman, «Social Marketing: An Approach to Planned Social Change,» Journal of Marketing, vol. 35, nº 3, pp. 3-12, July 1971.

[11]A. Argandoña, «Un marco para el análisis espiritual,» IESE Business School, pp. 1-24, Marzo 2015.

[12]D. Zohar and I. Marshall, Inteligencia Espiritua, Madrid: Plaza y Janés, 2001.

[13]C. Palacio, «La espiritualidad como medio de desarrollo humano,» Cuetiones teologicas, vol. 42, nº 98, pp. 459-481, Diciembre 2015.

[14]D. Goleman, «Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ,» ERIC, vol. 24, nº 6, pp. 49-50, June 1996.

[15]C. Pérez, «Inteligencia espiritual conceptualización y cartografia psicologica,» International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology, vol. 2, nº 1, pp. 63-70, 2016.

PDF (Español (España))
HTML (Español (España))


Download data is not yet available.